Dog. Animal domestication, commonly considered a human innovation, tion must be understood as a human .. dated from between 3, and 7, For thousands of years, dogs and humans have had a special bond. Our history with dogs goes farther back than our history with. Naturalist Mark Derr says our friendship with dogs and wolves goes back His new book explores how the relationship between humans and Releases and Statements · Photos and Logos · Fact Sheet (PDF) · Media Relations Contacts at a certain point in history and have been together ever since.".
With human association and their domestication, animals also became objects of affection and sometimes worship. Florence Nightingale observed small pets helping to reduce anxiety in psychiatric patients, and Sigmund Freud used his dog Jofi to help diagnose the level of tension in patients. Animal Assisted Intervention International lists specific therapeutic approaches and goals that can be obtained through the assistance of trained dogs and handlers.
These include improvements in cognitive and social functioning.
How Dogs Evolved Into 'Our Best Friends'
Horses, too, can serve in counseling. The Certified Therapy Horse Association advocates stringent certification criteria for horses and their handlers. Animals As Resources Cattle, pigs, poultry and fish feed us, but the consumers buying their meat as food are far removed from the animals themselves.
The USDA puts meat consumption levels of Economic pressures lead to large livestock operations, which bring their own problems like disease control and manure disposal, leading to algal blooms in streams and lakes. This consequence is also important to human-animal relationships, even though humans don't interact directly with the animals.
Importance of Animals in Human Lives | Sciencing
At the same time, smaller-scale operations seek to preserve heritage breeds of livestock, who retain traits of self-sufficiency and resilience. It can seem to hold a world of mystery and longing, or just pure bafflement at what makes humans tick. It turns out that the look of mutual recognition between human and dog reflects thousands of years of evolution, a bond programmed into our very body chemistry.
Last spring a research team in Japan discovered that both species release a hormone called oxytocin when they look into each other's eyes—the same hormone released when a human mother beholds her baby. What's more, the Japanese study showed that higher levels of oxytocin were released during that gaze than during petting or talking. It seems that for dogs, at least where humans are concerned, eyes really are windows to the soul.
But where does that unique symbiosis begin, one that has long involved even the sharing of parasites and certain diseases? According to Losey, the biochemical bonding impulse is only one part of the story. His own research is focused on teasing out the cultural forces over time that have made dogs and humans such a good fit.
How Dogs Evolved Into 'Our Best Friends' : NPR
One of Losey's projects involves the excavation of dog remains between 5, and 8, years old at Lake Baikal, Siberia, the deepest freshwater lake in the world. What's striking about the find is it reveals dogs were buried alongside humans in cemeteries, pointing not only to some of the earliest evidence of dog domestication but also suggesting dogs were held in the same high esteem as humans.
Dogs seem to have a very special place in human communities in the past. As soon as we see skeletal remains that look like the modern dog—say 14, years ago—we see dogs being buried.