India Afghanistan Relations | NeoStencil
Bilateral relations between the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of India have . On 22 May the Indian consulate in Herat was attacked by 3 militants equipped with AKs, RPGs, hand grenades and suicide vests. 14, Draft gold policy soon to suggest steps to make metal an asset class · 24 Dec 39, How India and Japan are enhancing their strategic relationship · 18 Dec . , GM fear over apple import · 24 Oct .. , India- Afghanistan trade likely to reach $2 bn by Afghan Ambassador · 16 Jul The struggle of part of the Pashtuns of India for independence either in United The history of Pakistani-Afghan relations is divided into six major stages. . After the end of the crisis caused by the summing up of the presidential elections in Afghanistan in , . Which car's a Ford and which is a Chevy?.
Since the mids, the role of the Islamic factor in regional politics has increased, and Pakistan has become one of the hotbeds of Islamization from above. In relations with Afghanistan, he uses Islamists as a force opposing Kabul. Afghanistan tried to play a map of ethnonational separatism that swept the western Balochistan and north-western Pashtun provinces of Pakistan, but at the end of the period, yielding to the demands of Iran and the US, tried to establish a dialogue with Pakistan, agreeing to negotiate with him on the border.
Historical perspective of Pak-Afghan Relations
The fourth stage begins with the turn of the ss and ends with the beginning of the s. This period was the time of the most severe confrontation between the two neighboring states. The buffer position of Afghanistan was replaced by its full association with the socialist bloc headed by the USSR. Two political and ideological projects — the socialist Soviet and the Islamist ones — collided on the Afghan-Pakistani frontiers, which in the cold war enjoyed some support from the West.
Pakistan became the site for the deployment of political organizations that fled from Afghanistan, fighting against the left-democratic Kabul regime.
Official relations between the countries after the introduction of Soviet troops were interrupted, negotiations on the settlement of the situation took place in the format of indirect contacts. The subversive war that was waged with the government in Kabul, the grouping of Islamist Mujahideen on Pakistani territory, was crowned with success after the collapse of the USSR.
The fifth period in Pakistani-Afghan relations takes a decade from the early s to the early s. Pakistan during this period largely played the role of the main arbiter in Afghan affairs, taking advantage of disagreements in the ranks of Afghan mujahideen, who proclaimed education. The Islamic State of Afghanistan, and then by the military actions that unfolded between them and the new grouping, the Islamic Taliban movement.
At the same time, neither before nor after this period did Pakistan project its power on Afghanistan so directly and effectively. The sixth stage began with the elimination of the Taliban in Afghanistan and continued until the middle of It should be noted a significant weakening during this period of the impact of Pakistan on the neighboring country.
Pakistan had to experience at this stage the grave consequences of the retreat of the Afghan Taliban and the allied Islamist armed groups into its territory and the transformation of its northwest not only into the shelter of militants but also into the space of their sabotage and terrorist activity.
Burdened by the emergence of local Taliban militants on its own land, Pakistan fell into a crisis situation and lost much of its ability to exert direct political influence on Afghanistan, continuing to indirectly and implicitly influence the situation there, providing shelter and assistance to the Afghan Taliban and its allies.
Today, Indian films, songs and TV serials are popular with the masses As part of India s restructuring programme for Afghanistan, India has regularly aimed to take up projects there that will render Afghanistan's cultural heritage sustainable.
Its relations were diminished during the s Afghan civil war and the Taliban government. Later, India aided the overthrow of the Taliban. Now, there exists a high-level political engagement with Afghanistan, which is reflected in the large number of bilateral high-level visits from both sides.
Afghanistan–India relations - Wikipedia
This was a major diplomatic victory for India. India signed an Agreement on Strategic Partnership with Afghanistan in This agreement shapes India s overall engagement with Afghanistan. It envisages close political cooperation with a mechanism for regular consultations. It seeks to launch joint initiatives on regional and international issues and to cooperate at the United Nations and other multinational fora.
Inwhen Afghanistan was going through a transition on the political, economic and security fronts, the government of India was quick to reassure Afghanistan of India s long-term support towards its reconstruction and rehabilitation Economic and Commercial Relations The bilateral trade at for the year was USD million approx and has immense potential to be expanded further.
India is the one of the largest market in the region for Afghan products The inauguration of the Dedicated Air Cargo Corridor in June between Kabul-Delhi and Kandahar-Delhi has provided a fresh impetus to bilateral trade. Security relations Inthe hijacked Indian Airlines Flight landed and stayed in Kandahar in Afghanistan and the Taliban was suspected of supporting the hijackers. After the hijack India became key supporter of Anti Taliban Northern Alliance At present, both nations have developed strategic and military cooperation against Islamic militants.
A look at India-Afghanistan relations - The Hindu
The insurgents are on the ascendance again. More than half the country s territory, mostly in rural, mountainous areas, is now controlled by the Taliban, while the Islamic State has set up base in eastern Afghanistan. Afghanistan being a part of Golden Crescent of caters to a much larger market in India of Narcotic drugs which is a major cause of concern for India s security infrastructure Security cooperation between the two countries is intended to enhance their mutual efforts in the fight against terrorism, organised crime, narcotics trafficking, money laundering and so on.
India agreed to help in the equipping and capacity building programmes for Afghan National Security Forces. People to people ties There has been a strong people to people linkage between India and Afghanistan shaped by history, culture and mutual trust.
Presently, as per estimation, there are about Indians reside in Afghanistan. In Afghanistan, Indian medicines and health care system are perceived to be highly trustworthy. Thus, India is the most favoured destination for most Afghan tourists, especially for medical tourism.
India has maintained an Afghan centric liberalized tourist visa and medical visa regime. There are numerous Afghan students, as many aspursuing education in Indian Universities. India s role in reconstruction and rehabilitation of Afghanistan India has played an important role in reconstruction and rehabilitation of Afghanistan, making significant investments in technical cooperation and capacity building in the country.
India's support and collaboration extends to the rebuilding of air links, power plants and investing in health and education sectors as well as helping to train Afghan civil servants and security forces. India helped build Delaram-Zaranj highway connecting the Delaram district in Afghanistan to the border of Iran. It will provide Afghanistan with another outlet to a seaport in Chabahar in Iran and also facilitate its bilateral trade with India.
India has constructed over 2, miles of roads in Afghanistan. India has built over public and private schools, sponsors over a scholarships, hosts over 16, Afghan students Many Indian companies are involved in several reconstruction projects in Afghanistan. India is running several programmes for training and capacity building for civil servants and police force in Afghanistan Recently, India has also agreed to implement some important new projects such as the Shahtoot Dam and drinking water project for Kabul, road connectivity to Band-e-Amir in Bamyan Province to promote tourism, low cost housing for resettlement of returning Afghan refugees in Nangarhar Province and a gypsum board manufacturing plant in Kabul etc.
Afghanistan's new Parliament building, built by India Challenges for India India s efforts to provide assistance to Afghanistan are hampered considerably by the lack of geographical contiguity and limited access.
The prevailing security situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan s continuing interference in Afghan affairs through proxies such as the Haqqani network.
Afghanistan, in the Golden Crescent, has been one of the most extensive opium-producing areas and drug, trafficked from Afghanistan into the Indian states like Punjab, has affected its youth and has also promoted terrorism and organized crime.
Opportunities for India India enjoys ample goodwill among the bureaucracy and the people of Afghanistan which can be leveraged to build strong ties with Afghanistan. Shift in US policy and its pro-India stand on Afghan question can also be leveraged for our advantage. Tussle with Pakistan Pakistani political leaders and the army are of the opinion that any Indian involvement in Afghanistan is inimical to Pakistan s interests and they have also alleged that the Indo-Afghan nexus stokes the secular ethno-national Baloch and Pashtun separatist movements in Pakistan.
Pakistani leadership has been quick in claiming that Pakistan wants zero political or military role for India in Afghanistan. Pakistan has also used Taliban and other terrorist outfits as its proxy to counter India in Afghanistan.