India–Russia relations - Wikipedia
Future of the India-Russia relationship post Sochi summit at Brookings and India's former National Security Advisor and Foreign Secretary. The India-Russia bilateral relationship has a long history and a broad international. Both India and Russia closely work on military-technical cooperation, security, trade, energy, and space and they are members of the BRICS, the In contrast to previous administrations, the Trump administration took a. This resulted in India and Russia sharing a Special Relationship. interest in joining SAARC with observer status in which India is a founding member. In the former East Pakistan region initiated an effort to secede from its political .
The first thing to note is that the two countries' military-political stance in the global arena is strikingly similar.
First, they have both transcended the level of mere regional powers, albeit neither is a superpower not anymore in the case of Russia, and not yet in the case of India. The sources of their strength are different: India has a dynamic economy and favorable demographics, whereas Russia has a superior nuclear arsenal and vast natural resources. Nevertheless, both countries have a similar potential for regional dominance, though neither quite has the resources to be a top-tier global actor.INDIA-RUSSIA FRIENDSHIP DOES NOT REQUIRE ANY CONFIRMATION- SAYS VLADIMIR PUTIN
The second obvious similarity is that in their respective geopolitical neighborhoods, which India and Russia regard as zones of their vital interests, both countries are facing energetic opposition from an external superpower that seeks to create a cordon sanitaire around our countries, respectively.
In the case of Russia the external superpower is the United States, which continues to meddle in the former Soviet republics. In the case of India the external superpower is China, which is trying to surround India with a ring of naval bases.
The similarity between US and Chinese policies becomes even more obvious if one takes into account that both are making use of states that are ethnically and culturally part of Russia and India, but seek to build their identity opposing Russia and India in every possible way. I am talking, of course, about Ukraine and Pakistan, respectively. These two artificial constructs are trying to build their historical legitimacy purely on the basis of Russophobia and Indophobia.
Pakistan is to India what Ukraine is to Russia. And, conversely, Ukraine is to Russia what Pakistan is to India. Both of those failed states are economically bankrupt, and both would have already ceased to exist, were it not for the military-political and economic assistance they receive from extra-regional powers. The third similarity is that both the Indian and Russian military-political situation can be described as "strategic solitude".
Neither country is a member of a military bloc and neither aspires for such membership. Strictly speaking, Russia is the leading member of the Collective Security Treaty Organization - but the military value of most of its formal CSTO allies is negligible. As for the two CSTO members that are not military midgets - Belarus and Kazakhstan - their loyalty as allies is questionable at best.
Both India and Russia advocate a new poly-centric international system. They both oppose the idea of a world dominated by a single superpower.
At the same time, there has been a clear trend in recent years whereby India and Russia are being attracted by the pull of two opposite centers of gravity in the nascent bi-polar world. America's policy of trying to isolate Russia and thwarting Russian attempts to remedy the geopolitical consequences of the national catastrophe that befell the country in is already resulting in a fairly unnatural state of affairs: Russia is turning into a Chinese satellite.
It may appear to some that these two trends, if continued, should eventually lead to India and Russia becoming members of two rival alliances - which would obviously be bad for their defense technology relationship. In actuality, however, the formation of a bi-polar Sino-American world should be a major incentive for our two countries to forge a closer relationship.
In truth, it does not even matter whether America and China treat each other as rivals or partners in that bi-polar world. If Washington and Beijing prefer to work together, the case for a closer Indian-Russian relationship becomes even more clear-cut.
India and Russia are too big and too powerful to play second fiddle to any global superpower. In view of their history, potential, and ambitions, both aspire for the role of dominant regional actors at the very least. But if we are to be able to compete head-to-head with the superpowers, our two countries should become force multipliers to each other.
Right now, we are force multipliers for the United States and China, respectively - and this must change. Today, both India and Russia have acquired a new self-confidence arising out of their rapid economic growth, at the time when many developed countries are suffering from economic recession. The two countries share the goal of creating a multipolar world. India values the political and diplomatic support it continues to get from Russia on vital issues.
India is also happy to note that Russia is recovering economically and militarily and is reasserting itself on the international sphere.
India-Russia cooperation is going on smoothly and steadily in various sectors. Cooperation in the defense sector is still the strongest link. Off late, Russia also participated in the formation of the first group of Indian satellites for distant probing of the earth.
In the nuclear-power sector Russia has already constructed two nuclear power plants at Kudankulam in south of India under Indo-Russian Nuclear Cooperation program. Negotiations for two additional units on the same site are also going on. In the space sector too, India-Russia cooperation on Glonass is going on well. India is also trying to get Russian Technology in tracking satellites and to have a collaborative Chandrayaan II, project involving space probes to the moon. Indo-Russian energy cooperation is also expected to get a boost in the coming years.
India imports oil, mostly from the volatile region of Middle East. However, to sustain current high rate of growth, India need to secure and diversify sources of energy import. According to the International Energy Agency, India would be the third largest energy consumer in the world by after US and China. Indo-Russian energy cooperation acquired new dimensions in the post-Soviet period, particularly in the hydrocarbon and nuclear sector.
India is energy deficient country and Russia is energy surplus and therefore, a mutual interest lies in this sector. Indian side feels that there is a clear compatibility between India's needs and Russia's resources. Indian side is adopting a policy to implement the experience of Sakhalin-1 to other oilfields in Russia.
It’s time India got real about its ties with Russia
India has geared-up its energy diplomacy and is moving quickly to penetrate in the Russian energy market. Today, the weakest link in Indo-Russian cooperation remains trade and economic ties. Trade between the two countries is extremely low. Of course, the proposal to increase this target has been announced by both the sides.
Now that stringent visa regulations have eased to certain extend, the dynamic private sector companies of both the countries are engaged in boosting-up the economic partnership with each other.
Private Sector in both the countries is trying to work closely to give a new direction to the economic relationship. This project covers an area of aboutsq. This project incorporates nine mega industrial zones.
However, there are still certain issues related to inadequate banking and financial services, lack of brand promotion, removal of discrimination in insurance coverage and quality control concerns are coming-up as a stumbling block in Indo-Russian economic cooperation. India and Russia are also trying to collaborate on new areas which need to be explored further, like in the area of democratisation process, social policy diffusion, in religious dialogues, in promoting secularism, tolerance, multi-ethnicity, for developments of internal economic management and planning etc.
It’s time India got real about its ties with Russia | analysis | Hindustan Times
Amidst all these positive developments as well as certain concerns, there is a hope that India-Russia friendship and the strategic partnership will scale new heights and it will grow, thrive and blossom in the coming years.
Nonetheless, there is a need to create wider public interest and understanding for developing the relationship, particularly among the increasingly influential younger generations. Without strong public support, it will be difficult to provide greater depth, a sound foundation and long-term stability to this mutually beneficial strategic partnership.
There is no substitute for spontaneous and natural people-to people exchanges.