Shia–Sunni relations - Wikipedia
May 9, Sunni and Shi'a Islam: Differences and relationships Although Shi'a Muslims only constitute between 10% and 13% of the global Muslim. Jan 4, Sunni and Shia muslims: Islam's 1,year-old divide explained The Sunni- Shia conflict is 1, years in the making, dating back to the. Oct 4, The conflicts between Shia and Sunni Muslims go back to the Yet a spotlight has been shone recently on the differences between the two.
Islam and clothing Both Sunni and Shia women wear the hijab.The REAL differences between SUNNI AND SHIA.-- BR. Mohammed Hijab
Devout women of the Shia traditionally wear black and yellow as do some Sunni women in the Persian Gulf. Some Shia religious leaders also wear a black robe. Mainstream Shia and Sunni women wear the hijab differently. Some Sunni scholars emphasize covering of all body including the face in public whereas some scholars exclude the face from hijab. Shias believe that the hijab must cover around the perimeter of the face and up to the chin.
Given names[ edit ] Shia are sometimes recognizable by their names, which are often derived from the names of Ahl al-Bayt.
In particular, the names Fatima, Zaynab, Ali, Abbas, Hussein, and Hassan are disproportionately common among Shias, though they may also be used by Sunnis.
The Origins Of The Shiite-Sunni Split : Parallels : NPR
The Umayyads were overthrown in by a new dynasty, the Abbasids. As-Saffah assumed both the temporal and religious mantle of Caliph himself. He continued the Umayyad dynastic practice of succession, and his brother al-Mansur succeeded him in Ja'far al-Sadiqthe sixth Shia Imam, died during al-Mansur's reign, and there were claims that he was murdered on the orders of the caliph.
Shia sources further claim that by the orders of the tenth Abassid caliph, al-Mutawakkilthe tomb of the third Imam, Hussein ibn Ali in Karbala, was completely demolished,  and Shias were sometimes beheaded in groups, buried alive, or even placed alive within the walls of government buildings still under construction. In time, these immigrants adopted the Arabic language and Arab identity, but their origin has been used to "unfairly cast them as lackeys of Iran".
Islam in Iran Shafi'i Sunnism was the dominant form of Islam in most of Iran until rise of the Safavid Empire although a significant undercurrent of Ismailism and a very large minority of Twelvers were present all over Persia. The Sunni hegemony did not undercut the Shia presence in Iran.
The writers of the Shia Four Books were Iranian, as were many other great scholars. According to Morteza Motahhari: Of course, it cannot be denied that Iran's environment was more favourable to the flourishing of the Shi'ism as compared to all other parts of the Muslim world.
Shi'ism did not penetrate any land to the extent that it gradually could in Iran. With the passage of time, Iranians' readiness to practise Shi'ism grew day by day. Yavuz Sultan Selim who delivered a devastating blow to the Shia Safavids and Ismail I in the Battle of Chaldirana battle of historical significance. Pre-Safavid[ edit ] The domination of the Sunni creed during the first nine Islamic centuries characterizes the religious history of Iran during this period.
There were some exceptions to this general domination which emerged in the form of the Zaidis of Tabaristanthe Buwayhidthe rule of the Sultan Muhammad Khudabandah r.
Nevertheless, apart from this domination there existed, firstly, throughout these nine centuries, Shia inclinations among many Sunnis of this land and, secondly, Twelver and Zaidi Shiism had prevalence in some parts of Iran.
In many other areas the population of Shias and Sunni was mixed. The first Zaidi state was established in Daylaman and Tabaristan northern Iran in by the Alavids ;  it lasted until the death of its leader at the hand of the Samanids in Roughly forty years later the state was revived in Gilan north-western Iran and survived under Hasanid leaders until This spread of Shiism to the inner circles of the government enabled the Shia to withstand those who opposed them by relying upon the power of the caliphate.
Twelvers came to Iran from Arab regions in the course of four stages. First, through the Asharis tribe [ clarification needed ] at the end of the 7th and during the 8th century. Second through the pupils of Sabzevar, and especially those of Al-Shaykh Al-Mufidwho were from Rey and Sabzawar and resided in those cities.
Third, through the school of Hillah under the leadership of Al-Hilli and his son Fakhr al-Muhaqqiqin.
The Origins Of The Shiite-Sunni Split
Fourth, through the scholars of Jabal Amel residing in that region, or in Iraq, during the 16th and 17th centuries who later migrated to Iran. When the Ismailis divided into two sects, Nizaris established their base in northern Persia.
Hassan-i Sabbah conquered fortresses and captured Alamut in Nizaris used this fortress until the Mongols finally seized and destroyed it in After the Mongols and the fall of the Abbasids, the Sunni Ulama suffered greatly.
In addition to the destruction of the caliphate there was no official Sunni school of law.
- Sunnis and Shia: Islam's ancient schism
Many libraries and madrasahs were destroyed and Sunni scholars migrated to other Islamic areas such as Anatolia and Egypt. Shiites predominate where there is oil in Iran, in Iraq and in the oil-rich areas of eastern Saudi Arabia as well.
Copyright by Vali Nasr. With permission of the publisher, W. A smaller group thought that someone from his family should take up his mantle. They favored Ali, who was married to Muhammad's daughter, Fatimah.
Sunnis believed that leadership should fall to the person who was deemed by the elite of the community to be best able to lead the community. And it was fundamentally that political division that began the Sunni-Shia split. Eventually, Ali was chosen as the fourth caliph, but not before violent conflict broke out. Two of the earliest caliphs were murdered.
War erupted when Ali became caliph, and he too was killed in fighting in the year near the town of Kufa, now in present-day Iraq. The violence and war split the small community of Muslims into two branches that would never reunite.
The war continued with Ali's son, Hussein, leading the Shiites. He and 72 members of his family and companions fought against a very large Arab army of the caliph.