Benny Golson | Biography, Albums, Streaming Links | AllMusic
Real Time is a live album by the Art Farmer/Benny Golson Jazztet featuring .. Meet the Jazztet is an album by the Jazztet, led by trumpeter Art Farmer and AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide or AMG) is an online music guide. Find Art Farmer discography, albums and singles on AllMusic. When Farmer Met Gryce. When Farmer Met Gryce Meet the Jazztet. Meet the. Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Meet the Jazztet - The Art Farmer-Benny Golson Jazztet, Art Farmer, Benny Golson on.
The instruments exact lineage is still a matter of some debate, the double bass is a standard member of the orchestras string section, as well as the concert band, and is featured in concertos, solo and chamber music in Western classical music.
The bass is used in a range of genres, such as jazz, s-style blues and rock and roll, rockabilly, psychobilly, traditional country music, bluegrass, tango.
The double bass is played either with a bow or by plucking the strings, in orchestral repertoire and tango music, both arco and pizzicato are employed. In jazz, blues, and rockabilly, pizzicato is the norm, Classical music uses just the natural sound produced acoustically by the instrument, so does traditional bluegrass. In jazz, blues, and related genres, the bass is typically amplified with an amplifier and speaker, the double bass stands around cm from scroll to endpin. It is typically constructed from several types of wood, including maple for the back, spruce for the top and it is uncertain whether the instrument is a descendant of the viola da gamba or of the violin, but it is traditionally aligned with the violin family.
While the double bass is nearly identical in construction to other violin family instruments, like other violin and viol-family string instruments, the double bass is played either with a bow or by plucking the strings. In orchestral repertoire and tango music, both arco and pizzicato are employed, in jazz, blues, and rockabilly, pizzicato is the norm, except for some solos and also occasional written parts in modern jazz that call for bowing.
In classical pedagogy, almost all of the focus is on performing with the bow and producing a good bowed tone, some of these articulations can be combined, for example, the combination of sul ponticello and tremolo can produce eerie, ghostly sounds. Classical bass players do play pizzicato parts in orchestra, but these parts generally require simple notes, vibrato is used to add expression to string playing. In general, very loud, low-register passages are played with little or no vibrato, mid- and higher-register melodies are typically played with more vibrato.
The speed and intensity of the vibrato is varied by the performer for an emotional and musical effect, in jazz, rockabilly and other related genres, much or all of the focus is on playing pizzicato. In jazz and jump blues, bassists are required to play extremely rapid pizzicato walking basslines for extended periods, as well, jazz and rockabilly bassists develop virtuoso pizzicato techniques that enable them to play rapid solos that incorporate fast-moving triplet and sixteenth note figures.
In jazz and related styles, bassists often add semi-percussive ghost notes into basslines, to add to the rhythmic feel and to add fills to a bassline 8.
Drum kit — A drum kit consists of a mix of drums and idiophones most significantly cymbals but also including the woodblock and cowbell. In the s, some also include electronic instruments and both hybrid and entirely electronic kits are used. If some or all of them are replaced by electronic drums, the drum kit is usually played while seated on a drum stool or throne. The drum kit differs from instruments that can be used to produce pitched melodies or chords, even though drums are often placed musically alongside others that do, such as the piano or guitar.
The drum kit is part of the rhythm section used in many types of popular and traditional music styles ranging from rock and pop to blues.
Other standard instruments used in the section include the electric bass, electric guitar. Many drummers extend their kits from this pattern, adding more drums, more cymbals. Some performers, such as some rockabilly drummers, use small kits that omit elements from the basic setup, some drum kit players may have other roles in the band, such as providing backup vocals, or less commonly, lead vocals.
Thus, in an early s orchestra piece, if the called for bass drum, triangle and cymbals. In the s, percussionists began to experiment with foot pedals as a way to them to play more than one instrument.
In the s, percussionists started combining multiple drums into a set, the bass drum, snare drum, cymbals, and other percussion instruments were all played using hand-held drum sticks.
Double-drumming was developed to one person to play the bass and snare with sticks. With this approach, the drum was usually played on beats one. This resulted in a swing and dance feel. The drum set was referred to as a trap set. By the s, drummers were using an overhang pedal, most drummers in the s preferred to do double drumming without any pedal to play multiple drums, rather than use an overhang pedal. Companies patented their pedal systems such as Dee Dee Chandler of New Orleans —05, liberating the hands for the first time, this evolution saw the bass drum played with the foot of a standing percussionist.
The bass drum became the central piece around which every other percussion instrument would later revolve and it was the golden age of drum building for many famous drum companies, with Ludwig introducing 9. Record producer — A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performers music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album.
A producer has many roles during the recording process, the roles of a producer vary. The producer may perform these roles himself, or help select the engineer, the producer may also pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record companies budget.
A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording. Producers also often take on an entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules, contracts. In the s, the industry has two kinds of producers with different roles, executive producer and music producer. Executive producers oversee project finances while music producers oversee the process of recording songs or albums. In most cases the producer is also a competent arranger, composer.
The producer will also liaise with the engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording. Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record, indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation actually is music director.
The music producers job is to create, shape, and mold a piece of music, at the beginning of record industry, producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live.Serenata - Art Farmer And Benny Golson The Jazztet
The role of producers changed progressively over the s and s due to technological developments, the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process.
Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously, all of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio and the performance had to be recorded. As well, for a song that used 20 instruments, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. Examples include the rock sound effects of the s, e. These new instruments were electric or electronic, and thus they used instrument amplifiers, new technologies like multitracking changed the goal of recording, A producer could blend together multiple takes and edit together different sections to create the desired sound.
For example, in jazz fusion Bandleader-composer Miles Davis album Bitches Brew, producers like Phil Spector and George Martin were soon creating recordings that were, in practical terms, almost impossible to realise in live performance.
Real Time (The Jazztet album) - WikiVisually
Producers became creative figures in the studio, other examples of such engineers includes Joe Meek, Teo Macero, Brian Wilson, and Biddu Ostinato — In music, an ostinato is a motif or phrase that persistently repeats in the same musical voice, usually at the same pitch.
The repeating idea may be a pattern, part of a tune. Both ostinatos and ostinati are accepted English plural forms, the reflecting the words Italian etymology. If the cadence may be regarded as the cradle of tonality, within the context of film music, Claudia Gorbman defines an obstinate as a repeated melodic or rhythmic figure that propel scenes that lack dynamic visual action.
Ostinato plays an important part in improvised music, in which it is referred to as a riff or a vamp. A favorite technique of contemporary writers, ostinati are often used in modal and Latin jazz. Ostinato are used in 20th-century music to stabilize groups of pitches, as in Stravinskys The Rite of Spring Introduction and Augurs of Spring.
A famous type of ostinato, called the Rossini crescendo, owes its name to a crescendo that underlies a persistent musical pattern and this style was emulated by other bel canto composers, especially Vincenzo Bellini, and later by Wagner. Applicable in homophonic and contrapuntal textures they are repetitive rhythmic-harmonic schemes, more familiar as accompanimental melodies, the techniques appeal to composers from Debussy to avant-garde composers until at least the s.
Art Farmer | Album Discography | AllMusic
Lies in part in the need for unity created by the abandonment of functional chord progressions to shape phrases. Relentless, repetitive character help to establish and confirm the modal center and their popularity may also be justified by their ease as well as range of use, though. Ostinato must be employed judiciously, as its overuse can lead to monotony. Ground bass or basso ostinato is a type of form in which a bass line. Aaron Copland describes basso ostinato as, the easiest to recognize of the variation forms wherein.
A long phrase—either an accompanimental figure or an actual melody—is repeated over and over again in the bass part, however, he cautions, it might more properly be termed a musical device than a musical form. Many instruments south of the Sahara Desert play ostinato melodies and these include lamellophones such as the mbira, as well as xylophones like the balafon, the bikutsi, and the gyil.
Ostinato figures are also played on string instruments such as the kora, gankoqui bell ensembles, often, African ostinatos contain offbeats or cross-beats, that contradict the metric structure. Other African ostinatos generate complete cross-rhythms by sounding both the main beats and cross-beats, in the following example, a gyil sounds the three-against-two cross-rhythm John Lewis pianist — John Aaron Lewis was an American jazz pianist, composer and arranger, best known as the founder and musical director of the Modern Jazz Quartet.
John Lewis was born in La Grange, Illinois, and raised in Albuquerque, New Mexico and his family was musical and had a family band that allowed him to play frequently and he also played in a Boy Scout music group. Even though he learned piano by playing the classics, he was exposed to jazz from an early age because his aunt loved to dance and he attended the University of New Mexico, where he led a small dance band that he formed and double majored in Anthropology and Music.
Eventually, he decided not to pursue Anthropology because he was advised that careers from degrees in Anthropology did not pay well, inLewis entered the army and played piano alongside Kenny Clarke, who influenced him to move to New York once their service was over.
Although his move to New York turned his attention more towards jazz, he still frequently played and listened to classical works and composers such as Chopin, Bach. Once Lewis moved to New York, he and Clarke tried out for Dizzy Gillespies bop-style big band by playing a song called Bright Lights that Lewis had written for the band played for in the army. They both were asked to join Gillespies band, and the tune they played for Gillespie, renamed Two Bass Hit.
Lewis composed, arranged and played piano for the band from until after the made a concert tour of Europe. When Lewis returned from the tour with Gillespies band, he left it to work individually, in an article about Dexter Gordon for WorldPress.
- The Jazztet
- Yesterday's Thoughts
- Modern Art
Panken seems certain of his claim but does not offer corroboration to a charge that Davis took credit for music that was not his own, Lewis also was part of trumpeter Miles Daviss Birth of the Cool sessions.
From when he returned to the U. The Modern Jazz Quartet was formed out of the foursomes need for freedom and complexity than Gillespies big band. While Lewis wanted the MJQ to have more freedom, he also wanted to incorporate some classical elements and arrangements to his compositions. Lewis assumed the role of director from the start, even though the group claimed not to have a leader.
It is commonly thought that John Lewis, for reasons of his contributions to the band, was apparently the first among the equals, Davis even once said that John taught all of them, Milt couldnt read at all, and bassist Percy Heath hardly. It was Lewis who elevated the groups collective talent because of his musical abilities.
Lewis also made sure that the band was always dressed impeccably, Lewis believed that it was important to dress the way that they came across in their music, polished, elegant and unique Monk is the second most-recorded jazz composer after Duke Ellington, which is remarkable as Ellington composed more than a thousand pieces.
Meet the Jazztet
He was renowned for his style in suits, hats. Monk is one of five musicians to have been featured on the cover of Time, after Louis Armstrong, Dave Brubeck. Thelonious Sphere Monk was born two years after his sister Marion on October 10, in Rocky Mount, North Carolina and his badly written birth certificate misspelled his first name as Thelious or Thelius. It also did not list his name, taken from his maternal grandfather. Monk started playing the piano at the age of six, and was largely self-taught and he attended Stuyvesant High School but did not graduate.
He toured with an evangelist in his teens, playing the church organ, in the early to mids, Monk was the house pianist at Mintons Playhouse, a Manhattan nightclub. Much of Monks style was developed during his time at Mintons, Monk is believed to be the pianist featured on recordings Jerry Newman made around at the club.
Monks style at this time was described as hard-swinging, with the addition of runs in the style of Art Tatum. Monks stated influences included Duke Ellington, James P.
So, the worked out a music that was hard to steal. Ill say this for the leeches, though, they tried, ive seen them in Mintons busily writing on their shirt cuffs or scribbling on the tablecloth.
Art started playing professionally at the age of 16, performing in the bands of Horace Henderson, Jimmy Mundy. These opportunities came about through a combination of his ability and the absence of older musicians. Around this time in Los Angeles, there were abundant opportunities for development, according to Farmer, During the day you would go to somebodys house.
At night there were after-hours clubs anybody who wanted to play was free to come up, Farmer left high school early but persuaded the principal to give him a diploma, which he did not collect until a visit to the school in 3.
Golson was so moved by the event that he composed the threnody I Remember Clifford, as a tribute to a fellow musician, in addition to I Remember Clifford, many of Golsons compositions have become jazz standards. During the mids Golson returned to playing and recording. Golson made a appearance in the movie The Terminal, related to his appearance in the A Great Day in Harlem photo, as of Several distinguished jazz artists have received this award 4. After army service between andFuller joined the quintet of Yusef Lateef, another Detroit musician, in the quintet moved to New York, and Fuller recorded his first sessions as a leader for Prestige Records.
In the early s, Fuller recorded two albums as a leader for Impulse, Records, having also recorded for Savoy Records and Epic after his obligations to Blue Note had ended. In the late s, he was part of Dizzy Gillespies band that also featured Foster Elliott, Fuller went on to tour with Count Basie and also reunited with Blakey and Golson. Jazz — Jazz is a music genre that originated amongst African Americans in New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in Blues and Ragtime.
Since the s jazz age, jazz has become recognized as a form of musical expression. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes, call and response vocals, polyrhythms, Jazz has roots in West African cultural and musical expression, and in African-American music traditions including blues and ragtime, as well as European military band music.
Although the foundation of jazz is deeply rooted within the Black experience of the United States, different cultures have contributed their own experience, intellectuals around the world have hailed jazz as one of Americas original art forms.
As jazz spread around the world, it drew on different national, regional, and local musical cultures, New Orleans jazz began in the early s, combining earlier brass-band marches, French quadrilles, biguine, ragtime and blues with collective polyphonic improvisation. In the s, heavily arranged dance-oriented swing big bands, Kansas City jazz, bebop emerged in the s, shifting jazz from danceable popular music toward a more challenging musicians music which was played at faster tempos and used more chord-based improvisation.
Cool jazz developed in the end of the s, introducing calmer, smoother sounds and long, modal jazz developed in the late s, using the mode, or musical scale, as the basis of musical structure and improvisation. Jazz-rock fusion appeared in the late s and early s, combining jazz improvisation with rock rhythms, electric instruments. In the early s, a form of jazz fusion called smooth jazz became successful. Other styles and genres abound in the s, such as Latin, the question of the origin of the word jazz has resulted in considerable research, and its history is well documented.
It is believed to be related to jasm, a term dating back to meaning pep. The use of the word in a context was documented as early as in the Chicago Daily Tribune. Its first documented use in a context in New Orleans was in a November 14, Times-Picayune article about jas bands. In an interview with NPR, musician Eubie Blake offered his recollections of the slang connotations of the term, saying, When Broadway picked it up.
Jazz has proved to be difficult to define, since it encompasses such a wide range of music spanning a period of over years. Attempts have been made to define jazz from the perspective of other musical traditions, in the opinion of Robert Christgau, most of us would say that inventing meaning while letting loose is the essence and promise of jazz. As Duke Ellington, one of jazzs most famous figures, said, although jazz is considered highly difficult to define, at least in part because it contains so many varied subgenres, improvisation is consistently regarded as being one of its key elements 6.
Record producer — A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performers music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has many roles during the recording process, the roles of a producer vary.
The producer may perform these roles himself, or help select the engineer, the producer may also pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record companies budget. A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording. Producers also often take on an entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules, contracts.
In the s, the industry has two kinds of producers with different roles, executive producer and music producer. Executive producers oversee project finances while music producers oversee the process of recording songs or albums. In most cases the producer is also a competent arranger, composer. The producer will also liaise with the engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording.