How mental health affects physical health | Bradley University Online
Nowhere is the relationship between mental and physical health more evident than in the area of chronic conditions. The associations between mental and. The Relationship between Physical Health and Psychological .. University Health Sciences Center, Boston University, University of Kentucky. Find out how mental health can affect physical health, what lifestyle factors Poor physical health can lead to an increased risk of developing mental health problems. Yet, a recent report from the British Association of Dermatologists ( BAD).
After assessing the health history of centenarians, Evert et al. Therefore, most oldest-old adults reported chronic health conditions. S] and serves as one of the most important determinants for psychological well-being in later life.
Hoeymans and colleagues noted that subjective health is a valuable and personalized health indicator, specifying one's perception and evaluation of one's own health, based on an interpretation of the objective physical and mental health status, and expectations and comparisons [ 5 — 10 ].
Because individuals' attitudes, motivations, and beliefs influence perceptions of illness and disability, individual differences in subjective health might play an important role for psychological well-being in later life [ 11 ].
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For instance, as psychological characteristics involve an individual's ability and willingness to adapt to physical change [ 12 ], the subjective experience is influenced by various kinds of diseases or illness histories [ 1113 ]. Psychological well-being has been examined as an indicator of successful adaptation during old and very old age [ 14 ].
- How mental health affects physical health
- Physical health and mental health
- The relationship between physical and mental health: A mediation analysis.
Bradburn considered the subjective assessment of well-being as the balance between positive and negative affect [ 15 ]. These two dimensions of well-being may be the origin of psychological well-being [ 1516 ]. The two types of affect may have different adaptive functions. Negative affect refers to a consequence of maladaptive behavior, whereas positive affect may be considered reinforcement for adaptive or appropriate behavior [ 1516 ].
Larson summarized previous studies of psychological well-being performed over a year period s—s and noted that the construct is strongly associated with physical health status, functional status, and socio-demographic factors, including occupation, income, educational level, and the degree of social interaction [ 1718 ]. Hamashima examined previous studies of psychological well-being specifically, quality of life in Japan and concluded that it was influenced by physical health and other factors such as age, marital status, occupation, and economic status [ 18 — 20 ].
Based on previous studies, the effect of physical health needs to be considered when accounting for well-being in later life. The importance of physical health for psychological well-being has been reported in a number of studies. Revicki and Mitchell, for example, found that physical health problems were the most important source of life strain among older adults [ 21 ]. Physical health can have a major impact on subjective well-being. For instance, Bishop et al. In addition, there are several studies that have focused on the influence of specific diseases on psychological well-being.
For example, positive affect was related to fewer stroke symptoms [ 23 ], and low cardiovascular risk was associated not only with better survival but also with better psychological well-being in older adults [ 24 ]. These studies all demonstrated that perceived health is associated with objective health [ 25 ]. Several studies uncovered the strong relationships between perceived health and long-standing chronic illness, especially among older adults [ 25 — 29 ] and with other health indicators such as number of medications, sick days, or hospitalizations [ 2530 — 32 ].
As shown in previous studies, there is a close association between objective and subjective assessments of personal health, and this association influences psychological well-being [ 11 ].
In other words, individuals' psychological well-being is affected by medical history, current physical symptoms and body sensations, health beliefs and behaviors, and mental and emotional well-being [ 1133 ]. Additionally, the major factor of subjective health is objective physical health, that is, chronic conditions and disabilities. Many studies have noted the relations between chronic conditions, disabilities, and subjective health [ 52534 — 38 ].
Even though a number of studies have suggested a strong association between physical health objective and subjective and psychological well-being, many studies only include individuals between the ages of 60 to 80 years, and there is little information about this association for very old age [ 39 ]. Therefore, additional research needs to focus on both physical health markers and subjective health predicting psychological well-being in very late life because this time is often characterized by a functional decline or breakdown of the physical and psychological system [ 39 ].
The Relationship between Physical Health and Psychological Well-Being among Oldest-Old Adults
The purpose of this study was to assess the association of different aspects objective and subjective of physical health and their direct and indirect effect on psychological well-being i. The first one was to identify the proportion of all residents of skilled nursing facilities SNFs and personal care homes PCHs in a county area in northern Georgia. The second recruiting strategy was to use the date-of-birth information in voter registration files to identify community-dwelling residents.
Based on these two components and five different characteristics geographic, age, gender, race, and type of residence a sample of centenarians and octogenarians was drawn for this study [ 40 ].
The relationship between physical and mental health: A mediation analysis.
Obtaining information from oldest-old adults is not always easy or feasible. Especially in old age, individuals' abilities to respond are affected by their physical health, cognitive status, or functional abilities [ 41 ]. This is because people with mental health conditions are less likely to receive the physical healthcare they're entitled to. Mental health service users are statistically less likely to receive the routine checks like blood pressure, weight and cholesterol that might detect symptoms of these physical health conditions earlier.
They are also not as likely to be offered help to give up smoking, reduce alcohol consumption and make positive adjustments to their diet. Research shows that doing exercise influences the release and uptake of feel-good chemicals called endorphins in the brain. Even a short burst of 10 minutes brisk walking increases our mental alertness, energy and positive mood.
From tending your garden to running a marathon, even gentle forms of exercise can significantly improve your quality of life.
Diet Good nutrition is a crucial factor in influencing the way we feel. A healthy balanced diet is one that includes healthy amounts of proteins, essential fats, complex carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and water. Smoking has a negative impact on both mental and physical health.
Many people with mental health problems believe that smoking relieves their symptoms, but these effects are only short-term. Nicotine in cigarettes interferes with the chemicals in our brains. Dopamine is a chemical which influences positive feelings, and is often found to be lower in people with depression.
Long-term health conditions and mental health The promotion of positive mental health can often be overlooked when treating a physical condition.