Wikileaf - The Relationship Between Cannabis and Hops
Once upon a time, cannabis and humulus (hops) were the same plant. New beer brews with cannabis terpenes and hops oil extracts fortified. Cannabis and hops are similar in appearance, have a lot of similar chemical properties, and have both been illegal in the U.S. Are they. The most prevalent compound contributing to the aroma of hops varieties is . to influence each other through complex chemical relationships.
Larger humulus leaves and all cannabis leaves are palmately lobed, which means that the leaves come from a common point the way that fingers all spread from a single palm.
Hemp, Hops and Their Synergistic Future - Cannabis Business Times
In both cases, the leaves are serrated along the margins, giving them a jagged appearance. The leaves also always have stipules small leaf-like appendages at the base of their stalks.
Finally, both hops and cannabis come in countless varieties or strains, each containing a unique set of flavors and attributes. Of course, pot and hops differ physically as well. For one, hops plants grow as vines while cannabis plants grow like trees or bushes. Hops vines can get much longer than cannabis plants can get tall—humulus vines can reach up to 30 feet while the tallest cannabis plants can stretch up to 20 feet.
Cannabis buds are much fuzzier and denser than hops flowers, which appear to have small, green, and almost translucent petals. Chemical Characteristics The shared chemical attributes between hops and cannabis are apparent in the way that each plant smells. The compounds responsible for their flavorful scents are called terpenes. Terpenes are volatile chemical compounds that, in addition to smells, express therapeutic attributes as well.
Some of the most common terpenes found in hops are beta-pinene, alpha-humulene, and myrcene. These terpenes are also commonly found in cannabis plants.
Another chemical compound housed in both hops and bud are their terpenoids. Humulone belongs to the class of compounds called alpha acids.
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The compound is also an antimicrobial—it has the antiviral and antibacterial properties that make hops a functional preservative for beer. The terpenoid that has made cannabis famous is tetrahydrocannabinol THC. THC is the cannabinoid responsible for the mind-altering effects most cannabis enthusiasts seek when consuming pot.
A Similarly Legislated History Both cannabis and hops have been around for a while, and both industries have been shaped by prohibition. But hops differs from cannabis in that it is a younger tradition and has outlived the national ban on the industry it is most associated with—alcohol.
Although beer—a mixture of malted barley, yeast, and water—has been around for ages since the 5th millennium BCthe introduction of hops into beer brewing became popular as recently as the 15th century.
Cannabis And Hops: After 27 Million Years, A Family Reunion
Before hops, beer was flavored with different combinations of herbs, spices, and other plant parts. During the first half of the 20th century, alcohol was prohibited at the national level. Since the primary economic use of hops was in brewing beer, this definitely affected hops farmers, though its effect was surprising.
Compared to their free-range counterparts, indoor- or greenhouse-grown plants are basically coddled because of the lack of environmental stressors such as rain and wind. Those stressors, in addition to helping increase terpene levels, also help keep the plants healthy by stimulating their immune function. When it comes to pests and mold, nature often helps farmers.
Cannabaceae - Wikipedia
The company even leaves most of the fan leaves untouched. The crop is left to dry between two and four weeks in a climate-controlled room at a temperature no higher than 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Once the plants are dried, they are stored and cured in a cooler environment that is maintained around 50 degrees Fahrenheit. The curing rooms are climate controlled for temperature and humidity, but since the product is cured in fall and winter when temperatures are low, air conditioning is not needed. Come spring and summer, however, it is important to keep the curing area cool using air conditioning.
Stefano boasts that Puffin Farm has tested product from its crop a year after it was harvested and it still showed terpene levels greater than 2 percent. While she has seen both groups become more educated over the past three years, she says there is still more work to be done to change the focus from THC levels.
We must pay attorneys, insurance, sales tax on things that would normally be exempt for other agricultural businesses, traceability providers, security system maintenance—the list goes on.
It is a very thin margin business at this point and is not easy money in any way. Use sustainable organic methods and inputs as not only is it the right thing to do, but it will … differentiate you from the mass-market production-oriented cannabis that is flooding the market. Without good soil, your crop is destined for failure. Stefano takes an all-natural approach using organic processes. Puffin Farm is Clean Green Certified, a third-party cannabis certification. These natural supplements create the living soil in which her crops thrive.
By using a living soil, Stefano also increases the quality of her soil year-over-year. When the company started inthe soil contained just 1 percent organic matter.
Today, that has grown to roughly 5 percent. Not only is this good for producing quality cannabis, she says, but increasing organic carbon content of the soil is an important tool in the fight against climate change and helps reduce water use by increasing the water-holding capacity of the soil.
Stefano accepts that cost because it is what will allow the farm to succeed in the long run. The cost will also go down over time, she says. Most notably, the WSIA is working to change the requirement that growers must put the harvest date on packaging going to dispensaries. The WSIA also is battling communities and environmental agencies targeting outdoor cultivation businesses.
For example, local clean air agencies are citing outdoor farms for odor violations despite it being impossible for those farms to implement air filtration systems. Other agricultural businesses are exempt from these complaints thanks to protections offered by Right to Farm laws. Puffin Farm proudly displays its Clean Green certification on its packaging.
Despite those opposing forces, Stefano is hopeful about the future of sun-grown cannabis because she feels that the WSIA and growers like herself are fighting the good fight, especially when considering the larger carbon footprint that comes with indoor cannabis production.
One solution she proposes to level the playing field for outdoor growers is to increase canopy limits of outdoor farms.