High Blood Pressure & Kidney Disease | NIDDK
Kidney disease: signs, symptoms, treatments and how to lower your risk of kidney disease. Your kidneys play a key role in keeping your blood pressure in a healthy range, and blood pressure, in turn, can affect the health of your kidneys. High blood. The American Heart Association explains how high blood pressure, also called hypertension, can cause kidney damage that can lead to kidney failure.
In addition to an ACE inhibitor or an ARB, a health care provider may prescribe a diuretic—a medication that helps the kidneys remove fluid from the blood. A person may also need beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, and other blood pressure medications.
Eating, Diet, and Nutrition Following a healthy eating plan can help lower blood pressure. DASH focuses on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other foods that are heart healthy and lower in sodium, which often comes from salt. The DASH eating plan is low in fat and cholesterol features fat-free or low-fat milk and dairy products, fish, poultry, and nuts suggests less red meat, sweets, added sugars, and sugar-containing beverages is rich in nutrients, protein, and fiber A dietitian may also recommend this type of diet for people who have already developed kidney disease.
A diet low in sodium and liquid intake can help reduce edema and lower blood pressure. Reducing saturated fat and cholesterol can help control high levels of lipids, or fats, in the blood.
Proteins break down into waste products that the kidneys filter from the blood. Eating more protein than the body needs may burden the kidneys and cause kidney function to decline faster. However, protein intake that is too low may lead to malnutrition, a condition that occurs when the body does not get enough nutrients. People with kidney disease who are on a restricted protein diet should be monitored with blood tests that can show low nutrient levels.
In addition, consuming too much alcohol raises blood pressure, so people should limit alcoholic drinks—two per day for men and one per day for women.
A health care provider can help people change their diet to meet their individual needs. Physical Activity Regular physical activity can lower blood pressure and reduce the chances of other health problems. A health care provider can provide information about how much and what kinds of activity are safe.
Most people should try to get at least 30 to 60 minutes of activity most or all days of the week. A person can do all physical activity at once or break up activities into shorter periods of at least 10 minutes each.
Limit salt Do not add salt to your food when cooking or eating. Try cooking with fresh herbs, lemon juice or spices. Choose fresh or frozen vegetables instead of canned.
High blood pressure
If you do use canned vegetables, rinse them with water before eating or cooking them. This helps to remove extra salt. Avoid processed foods, such as frozen dinners and lunch meats. Limit fast food and salty snacks, such as chips, pretzels and salted nuts. Limit foods that are pickled or preserved, such as pickles and olives. Limit fat Choose lean meats or fish.
Remove the skin and trim the fat off of your meats before you cook them. Bake, grill or broil your foods instead of frying them. Shop for fat-free or low-fat dairy products, salad dressing and mayonnaise. Try olive or canola oil instead of vegetable oil.
Choose egg whites or egg substitute instead of whole eggs. Talk to a dietitian about other ways to limit salt and fat in your diet. Your doctor can help you find a dietitian in your area. Medicare and private insurance policies may cover your appointment with a dietitian.
Control diabetes Having both diabetes and high blood pressure can increase your chances of getting kidney disease. If you have diabetes, work with your doctor to manage it.
Click here to learn more about diabetes and kidney disease. Control your cholesterol Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance in your blood.
Having high cholesterol and high blood pressure makes it more likely that you will have kidney disease, heart disease or a stroke. High cholesterol can also make kidney disease get worse faster. There are two types of cholesterol you should pay attention to: For most people, normal cholesterol levels are: Triglycerides are a type of fat in your blood. For most people, a healthy triglyceride level is less than Talk with your doctor about what your cholesterol and triglycerides levels should be and how you can control them.
Do not smoke or use tobacco Using tobacco smoking or chewing can make high blood pressure and kidney problems worse. If you use tobacco, quitting can help lower your chance of getting kidney disease or help prevent your kidney disease from getting worse if you already have it. Limit alcohol Drinking alcohol in large amounts can make your blood pressure too high.
Limiting how much alcohol you drink can help keep your blood pressure under control. Have no more than two drinks per day if you are a man and no more than one drink per day if you are a woman.
It can rise, occasionally it can go down.
If blood pressure becomes too high, risks to health such as heart attacks and strokes increase. High blood pressure may also damage the kidneys. Treating those with high blood pressure minimises these risks. Most of those with hypertension have no obvious cause for it.
Some groups, for example those from Afro-Caribbean racial backgrounds, are more prone to developing high blood pressure. What is the link between blood pressure and kidney disease?
High blood pressure | Prevention - American Kidney Fund (AKF)
Their ability to regulate hormones which influence the tension in blood vessels. As well as removing waste products from the blood, the kidneys play a key role in controlling blood pressure. Exactly how remains the subject of ongoing research studies, but contributory factors include: Their role in controlling the amount of salt and water in the body.
So high blood pressure is particularly common in patients with kidney disease. High blood pressure harms damaged kidneys.The Diet for Chronic Kidney Disease
In many patients with kidney problems controlling high blood pressure is the most important step towards reducing the risk of further kidney damage.
It also reduces the risk of cardiovascular problems such as heart attacks and strokes that can occur in anyone with high blood pressure. Hypertension is both an important cause and consequence of kidney disease. In some patients it can be difficult to determine which came first.